Alpine Ascents Kilimanjaro Maps & Facts
Map of Kenya and Tanzania.
Kilimanjaro is composed of three extinct volcanoes. Kibo (5895m), Mawenzi (5149m) and Shira (3962m). It is one of the world's highest free standing mountains: its mass rises 4800m above a rolling plain that averages 1000m above sea level. After reaching a height thought to be 5900m during its last major eruption 360,000 years ago, Kibo has been eroded by glaciers, rivers and landslides to its present height. It is believed that Kilimanjaro, like its neighbor Mt. Kenya, is losing glaciers due to global warming.
The Name Kilimanjaro
Given the stature and greatness of Kilimanjaro, there is relatively little recorded history of the peak. Even the origins of the name present somewhat of a dilemma. May people believe the name derived from the Kishwahili tribal name, Kilima meaning mountain. The local Wachagga people claim to have no name for Kilimanjaro, but did name the dual peaks Kipoo and Kimawenzi.
First mention of Kili by Westerners
John Rebmann, published account in 1849.
Hans Meyer, 1889
Kilimanjaro Lemosho Route
Formal Name: United Republic of Tanzania
Local Name: Tanzania
Local Formal Name: United Republic of Tanzania
Visa Info: Passport and visa required for US Citizens. Scan East West Travel and Charles can assist you in preparing your necessary visa in advance. Should you wish to apply for your own visa, we can assist you in completing your application. Most travel agents offer an international visa service. You may also opt to obtain your Visa upon your arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport. Cost $50.00. Tanzanian Visa Application on line at: www.tanzaniaembassy-us.org/
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